The Poland – Lithuania interconnector (GIPL, Gas Interconnection Poland – Lithuania) is perceived by the European Commission as infrastructure contributing to the integration of the European gas system and shaping of a liberalised gas market in the north-eastern part of Europe. The purpose of the project is the construction of a new cross-border gas pipeline which will connect the natural gas transmission systems of Poland and Lithuania while enabling diversification of gas supply directions to the Baltic States.
The gas pipeline will contribute to the elimination of “Energy islands”, i.e., regions dependent on gas supply from only one direction, as well as to integrate the Baltic States with the European Union gas market, while also providing access to the global LNG market, e.g., through the Liquefied Natural Gas Terminal in Świnoujście.
The construction of the gas pipeline will enhance the natural environment conditions and the living standards of the residents. It is thanks to the opportunity of replacing solid fuels with gas fuel; especially in cogeneration systems, while producing heat and energy. The investment will contribute to the increase of competitiveness of north-eastern regions of Poland. The new transmission infrastructure will allow for the collection of gaseous fuel via the distribution network, but also for the direct connection of large industrial customers to the high pressure gas pipeline system. Furthermore, the opportunity to gasify regions that have so far been deprived of access to natural gas will emerge.
On the other hand, the construction of the Gustorzyn Gas Compressor Station will be responsible for enabling gas distribution, among others, from Norway (Baltic Pipe) towards the compressor station, and then for directing this stream, for example, towards Lithuania and the other Baltic States (GIPL). Thanks to the construction of such facilities as the gas compressor station in Gustorzyn, GAZ-SYSTEM will be able to flexibly control gas flows and transmit this gas not only to recipients throughout Poland but also to the neighbouring countries.
Completion of the project will result in the following:
development of the transmission system within new areas and improvement of technical parameters of the network throughout the country;
increase in the attractiveness of the north-eastern regions of Poland for new investments;
promotion of the exploit of natural gas as a low-emission fuel for the achievement of the UE environmental and climate goals.
An important asset for the local communities will be the property tax paid every year by GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. to local budgets at the rate of up to 2% of the value of the gas pipeline section located in the territory of each commune. The taxes will benefit the communes’ budgets on a regular basis, and can be earmarked to address the needs of local communities.